Description: The Author hammers out a detailed text about what the reader should see in his or her own mind.
Comparison: The author illustrates what’s going on or the location of the action/drama by comparing it to something else.
Cause and Effect: How did something come to be? Let’s just examine what happened and how we got here.
Problem And Solution: Here’s the problem, and here’s how we (or our characters) can solve it.
Sequential: Here’s what happened, Step 1, Step 2, Step 3…